Treść głównego artykułu

Abstrakt

Zmiany klimatyczne w Arktyce wpłynęły na instytucjonalizację współpracy „państw arktycznych”. W tym kontekście utworzenie Rady Arktycznej było ważne dla pokojowej przyszłości regionu. Celem artykułu jest analiza Rady Arktycznej jako międzyrządowej organizacji regionalnej promującej pokojową współpracę i skoordynowaną eksplorację Arktyki, z zachowaniem jej ekosystemów i środowiska naturalnego. Pytania badawcze dotyczą tego, jak Rada radzi sobie z obecną wielowymiarową sytuacją w Arktyce oraz czy istnieje potencjał sytuacji konfliktowej w związku z ewolucją sfery bezpieczeństwa. Teza artykułu przyjmuje, że obecnie Rada Arktyczna skutecznie wypełnia swoją misję jako forum współpracy, pomimo różnych celów państw członkowskich i obserwatorów. Jednym z problemów jest nieujęcie w programie aspektu militarnego. W artykule wykorzystano badania jakościowe oparte na analizie oficjalnych dokumentów i opracowań akademickich, w tym stanowiska państw członkowskich i obserwatorów wobec regionu i Rady. Oceniono, że Rada Arktyczna musi dokonać rozróżnienia między indywidualnymi oraz wspólnymi celami państw, tak by kontynuować pokojową współpracę. Współpraca jest kluczowa, jednak staje się coraz bardziej złożona ze względu na różne cele zaangażowanych państw. Artykuł powinien przyczynić się do usystematyzowania i lepszego zrozumienia działań Rady Arktycznej oraz wyzwań, którym musi sprostać.

Słowa kluczowe

Arktyka Rada Arktyczna bezpieczeństwo regionalne współpraca międzynarodowa organizacje międzynarodowe.

Szczegóły artykułu

Referencje

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